Lano and Jacopo review da sant Andrea. 1-3 retrospect (Nessus) and prospect (the wood) 4-9 description of the wood 10-15 the harpies 16-21 Virgil urges Dante to be closely attentive 22-32 Dantes puzzlement and Virgils instruction 33-39 the complaint of pier delle Vigne 40-45 simile: piers bloody words; Dantes reaction 46-54 Virgils apology. The sand Waste and the rain of Fire. The violent against God. The Statue of Time, and the four Infernal rivers. 1-3 retrospect: the Florentine suicide 4-6 the border separating the second and third rings 7-15 the hellscape of violence against God: barren sand 16-18 apostrophe: Gods just vengeance 19-27 three classes of sins punished in the third ring 28-30 the hellscape: flakes of fire 31-39. The violent against Nature.
Others 61-66 treachery, a worse form of fraud (Circle 9) 67-75 Dantes question: why are not the inhabitants of Circles 2-5 punished in Dis? 76-90 Virgils answer: incontinence less offensive to god than malice and mad brutishness 91-96 Dante still puzzled by virgils words about usury 97-111 Virgil on the sin against art, gods grandchild 112-115 coda: Virgil annnounces it is time to go (ca. The seventh Circle: dubai The violent. The violent against their neighbours. 1-3 retrospect (the edge of the precipice.1) and monstrous prospect (the minotaur) 4-10 simile: the fallen rock along the Adige near Trent 11-15 the wrath of the minotaur 16-21 Virgil to the minotaur: Dante is not Theseus 22-25 simile: bulls movements after receiving. The wood of Thorns. The violent against themselves.
43-48 Dantes answer and Farinatas rejoinder 49-51 Dantes similar thrust 52-72 interruption: Dantes exchange with cavalcante: 52-60 cavalcantes abject appearance: where is his son? 61-63 Dante comes not by his own powers; he is led 64-66 he knows cavalcante from his words and situation 67-72 the father assumes his son is dead and falls back 73-93 Dantes second exchange with Farinata: 73-81 Farinata now turns Dantes thrust back. 85-87 Dante: they do not forget the battle of Montaperti 88-93 Farinatas plea: it was he who preserved the city 94-99 Dante: what do the damned know of future and present? 100-108 Farinata explains their condition in these respects 109-114 Dantes apology to cavalcante addressed to farinata 115-120 Frederick ii and Ottaviano degli Ubaldini punished here 121-132 Virgil reassures Dante about his future 133-136 coda: resumption of leftward direction in descent. General Description of the Inferno and its divisions. 1-9 a second group of heretics: Pope Anastasius 10-15 the stench of sin from lower hell 16-27 Virgils description of the sins of lower hell: malice resulting in use of violence or fraud 28-51 violence (Circle 7). Neighbor, self, or God 52-60 fraud (Circle 8 ).
Dante inferno —
40-48 Virgils response is affirmative 49-51 Dante expects to recognize the sinners here 52-66 Virgil: no, their sin makes them indistinguishable 67-69 Dante: what is the fortune of which you speak? 70-96 Virgils pronouncements on the role of Fortune 97-99 Virgil prepares Dante for descent to the fifth Circle 100-108 their descent, following its source, to Styx 109-116 the bog, with the wrathful in conflict with one another 117-126 and those below the water, sighing and. The gate of the city of Dis. Wrath (fifth Circle continues,. 1-81 an interpolation) 1-6 signal lights and an answering light 7-12 Dantes questions and Virgils reply 13-16 simile: swiftly flying arrow 17-24 Phlegyas, his skiff; his wrath at Virgils rebuke 25-30 Dantes weight displaces water beneath the skiff 31-39 Filippo Argenti: hostile exchange with Dante. The furies and Medusa.
The city of Dis. The sixth Circle: Heresiarchs. 1-15 Dantes pallor, virgils reaction, dantes response 16-21 Dantes pointed question and Virgils general response 22-30 a precision: his previous journey to the pit of hell 31-33 Virgil: a need now for assistance in entering new the city 34-54 the furies and their threat: Medusa 55-60. Farinata and cavalcante de cavalcanti. Discourse on the Knowledge of the damned. 1-3 Dante virgil among the sepulchers make 4-9 Dante curious about their uncovered inhabitants 10-12 Virgil: the tombs will be closed after Judgment day 13-18 Virgil: here you will see the Epicureans, and Farinata 19-21 Dante was silent about this wish only to please virgil 22-51.
The four poets, homer, horace, ovid, and Lucan. The noble castle of Philosophy. 1-3 Dante awakened by thunder (after lightning) 4-12 once again Dante cannot see in the darkness 13-18 Virgils pallor entering the first Circle 19-22 Virgil says his face is pale from pity, not fear 23-30 to dante the lament here seems less mournful (sighs) 31-42. 51-63 Virgil describes the harrowing of hell, which he saw 64-72 the lightest place in hell: honorable souls 73-75 Dante: why are these set apart in the light? 76-78 Virgil: their fame on earth has this result in heaven 79-81 Dante hears a voice welcome virgil on his return 82-93 the poets (Homer, horace, ovid, lucan) approach 94-102 the school greets Dante and includes him among them 103-105 unreported discourse of the six.
The second Circle: The wanton. 1-3 descent to the second Circle: the lustful 4-15 proem: Minos judge of the damned 16-20 Minos attempts to discourage dante 21-24 Virgil repeats his magical phrase (III.95-96) 25-30 again, impressions of sound are the first Dante has 31-39 the hellscape: weeping, darkness, storm 40-49. The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. 1-6 Dante recovers from his syncope to find a new place 7-12 the third Circle: cold downpour on stinking ground 13-21 Cerberus presides, barking; he flays the sinners 22-27 Cerberuss opposition and Virgils sop for him 28-33 simile: dog ravenously gulping food 34-37 Dante and. The fourth Circle: The avaricious and the Prodigal. Fortune and her Wheel. The fifth Circle: The Irascible and the sullen. 1-15 proem: Plutus speaks; Virgil answers; Plutus collapses 16-21 the fourth Circle and Dantes apostrophe of Justice 22-24 simile: waves meeting between Charybdis and Scylla 25-35 the avaricious and prodigal at their jousts 36-96 three exchanges between Dante virgil: 36-39 Dante: are the tonsured ones.
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The Intercession of the Three ladies Benedight. 1-6 Dante, alone with Virgil, prepares for the journey 7-9 invocation (Muses, lofty genius his worthy memory 10-36, dantes uncertainty as to his qualifications 37-42 simile: summary a man unwilling what he had resolved 43-48 Virgil: you are a coward 49-74 Virgil tells of his encounter. 85-93 beatrices response: the saved are proof against hell 94-114 a lady in heaven (Mary lucy, and beatrice all help 115-120 tears of beatrice induce virgil to begin at once 121-126 Virgil chides Dante for his cowardice 127-130 simile: flowers raised and opened by sun. The gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. The Shores of Acheron. The earthquake and the Swoon. 1-9 words inscribed above the gate of hell 10-12 having read them, dante is afraid 13-21 Virgil admonishes, then encourages, dante 22-30 tumultuous sound made by mouths and hands 31-33 Dante asks who these shades (in Circle zero) are 34-42 Virgil: the neutrals and the. The first Circle, limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized.
First, the sinners are like leaves in autumn that drift down from a tree branch, one by one. Second, they are like hunting hawks that are lured back to the hunter. The first simile evokes the isolation of each sinner as he or she goes to his fate; the second evokes the way they are drawn to their punishment. The hill of Difficulty. The panther, the lion, and the wolf. 1-9 Dante, having lost his way, in a dark wood 10-21 hint of dawn: the sun on a mountaintop 22-27 simile: survivor of shipwreck looking back at sea 28-36 journey resumed; ascending the slope; a leopard 37-43 dawn and reassurance 44-54 dissertation a lion renews his. Dantes, protest and Virgils Appeal.
"good of the intellect which means they have lost the ability to find God's truth through the divine gift of reason. Dante uses the word "coward" to describe those who occupy the Ante. The "coward angels" are here—those who did not choose sides either for or against God when Lucifer rebelled. One who made the "great refusal" through cowardice is here—thought to be a pope who stepped down from his high position—as are all those who, through cowardice, refused to act on God's behalf or against Him. Since they did not choose sides in life, they chase endlessly after a banner and are bitten by insects. It is important to remember that Virgil accuses Dante of cowardice in the previous Canto; by overcoming his fear and entering Hell, he has already begun to align himself with God and his Christian faith once again. Both the inscription on the gates and Charon instruct the damned to abandon all hope. Although Virgil assures Dante that Hell is divine justice at work, and even the damned souls wish to enter Hell because they long for that justice, dante is horrified by the pain and chaos that he witnesses; the repeated insistence on hopelessness draws the reader's. Dante's use of a double simile to show how sinners move from the shoreline across the river creates a powerful image.
He learns they are the shades of the damned, waiting for the demon Charon to take them across the river Acheron into hell. They wail and weep as oliver Charon tells them to forget any hope of seeing heaven. Dante's presence, saying he may not cross, but Virgil tells Charon. Dante's presence has been "willed above." Dante is perplexed as to why the people seem eager to enter Hell. Virgil explains that divine justice turns their fear into desire. Then an earthquake and a violent wind cause dante to fall unconscious. Analysis, in this canto, the relationship between the two poets—Virgil as teacher, and. Dante as student—is made clear. Virgil is not just, dante's guide; he also functions as a schoolmaster who teaches Dante the meaning behind what he sees.
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Summary, dante sees the inscription above the gates of Hell that reads "Through me the way into the suffering city.". Virgil tells him he must leave all hesitation behind, for now he will enter Hell where people are miserable and have lost their reason. As they go through the gates Dante hears loud wailing, "strange utterances and voices of all kinds. The chaos is so intense that Dante weeps, horrified. He asks Virgil what all the noise is, and Virgil tells him that this place holds the souls of those who help were neither rebellious against God nor faithful to god. They live in this space, called the Ante. Inferno, continually following a great banner, being bitten by insects, and having their blood and tears consumed by worms. Also existing here are the "coward angels who cannot enter Hell but were cast out of heaven. Next Dante sees a great crowd of people waiting on the banks of a river.