Army early in 1942, shortly after the bombing of pearl Harbor brought the United States into world War. But when he was classified as a restaurant 1-a infantry, not an officer, he became dejected. His mother recognized her son's depression and got Burroughs a civilian disability discharge —a release from duty based on the premise that he should have not been allowed to enlist due to previous mental instability. After being evaluated by a family friend, who was also a neurologist at a psychiatric treatment center, burroughs waited five months in limbo at Jefferson Barracks outside. Louis before being discharged. During that time he met a chicago soldier also awaiting release, and once burroughs was free, he moved to Chicago and held a variety of jobs, including one as an exterminator. When two of his friends from.
He traveled to europe and became involved in Austrian and Hungarian weimar -era lgbt culture ; he picked up young men in steam baths in vienna and moved in a circle of exiles, homosexuals, and runaways. There, he met Ilse Klapper, a jewish woman fleeing the country's nazi government. The two were never romantically involved, but Burroughs married her, in Croatia, against the wishes of his parents, to allow her to gain a visa to the United States. She made her way to new York city, and eventually divorced Burroughs, although they remained friends for many years. 18 After returning to the United States, he held a string of uninteresting jobs. In 1939, his mental health became a concern for his parents, especially after he deliberately severed the last joint of his left little finger at the knuckle essay to impress a man with whom he was infatuated. 19 This event made its way into his early fiction as the short story "The finger." Beginning of the beats edit burroughs enlisted in the.
They would drive from Boston to new York in a reckless fashion. Once, stern scared Burroughs so badly that he asked to be let out of the vehicle. 14 Burroughs graduated from Harvard in 1936. According to ted Morgan's Literary outlaw, his parents, upon his graduation, had decided to give him a monthly allowance of 200 out of their earnings from Cobblestone gardens, a substantial sum in those days. It was enough to keep him going, and indeed it guaranteed his survival for the next twenty-five years, arriving with welcome regularity. The allowance was a ticket to freedom; it allowed him to live where he wanted to and to forgo employment. 15 Burroughs' parents sold the rights to his grandfather's invention and had no share in the burroughs Corporation. Shortly before the 1929 stock market crash, they sold their stock for 200,000 (equivalent to approximately 2,850,388 in today's funds 16 ). 17 Europe edit After Burroughs graduated from Harvard, his formal education ended, except for brief flirtations with graduate study of anthropology at Columbia and medicine in vienna, austria.
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say that he union was expelled from Los Alamos after taking chloral hydrate in Santa fe with a fellow student. Yet, according to his own account, he left voluntarily: "During the easter vacation of my second year I persuaded my family to let me stay. Louis." 11 William. Burroughs' childhood home on Pershing avenue. Louis Harvard University edit burroughs finished high school at taylor School in Clayton, missouri, and in 1932, left home to pursue an arts degree at Harvard University, where he was affiliated with Adams house. During the summers, he worked as a cub reporter for the.
Louis Post-Dispatch, covering the police docket. He disliked the work, and refused to cover some events, like the death of a drowned child. He lost his virginity in an East. Louis, Illinois brothel that summer with a female prostitute whom he regularly patronized. 13 While at Harvard, burroughs made trips to new York city and was introduced to the gay subculture there. He visited lesbian dives, piano bars, and the harlem and Greenwich Village homosexual underground with Richard Stern, a wealthy friend from Kansas City.
Louis; and later in Palm beach, Florida when they relocated. It was during his childhood that Burroughs' developed a lifelong interest in magic and the occult topics which would find their way into his work repeatedly across the years. 6 Burroughs later described how he saw an apparition of a green reindeer in the woods as a child, which he identified as a totem animal, 7 as well as a vision of ghostly grey figures at play in his bedroom. 8 As a boy, burroughs lived on Pershing ave. Louis' central West End. He attended John Burroughs School.
Louis where his first published essay, "Personal Magnetism" which revolved around telepathic mind-control was printed in the john Burroughs review in 1929. 9 he then attended the los Alamos Ranch School in New Mexico, which was stressful for him. The school was a boarding school for the wealthy, "where the spindly sons of the rich could be transformed into manly specimens". 10 Burroughs kept journals documenting an erotic attachment to another boy. According to his own account, he destroyed these later, ashamed of their content. 11 he kept his sexual orientation concealed from his family well into adulthood, due to the context in which he grew up and from which he fled—that is, a "family where displays of affection were considered embarrassing". 12 he became a well-known homosexual writer after the publication of naked Lunch in 1959.
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(19471981 with his second wife joan Vollmer. William Burroughs died at his home in Lawrence, kansas, gpa after suffering a heart attack in 1997. Contents Early life and education edit burroughs was born in 1914, the younger of two sons born to mortimer Perry burroughs (June 16, 1885 January 5, 1965) and laura hammon lee (August 5, 1888 October 20, 1970). His was a prominent family of English ancestry. His grandfather, william Seward Burroughs i, founded the burroughs Adding Machine company, which evolved into the burroughs Corporation. Burroughs' mother was the daughter of a minister whose family claimed to be closely related to robert. His maternal uncle, ivy lee, was an advertising pioneer later employed as a publicist for the rockefellers. His father ran an antique and gift shop, cobblestone gardens.
With Brion Gysin, he also popularized the literary cut-up technique in works such as The nova trilogy (19611964). In 1983, burroughs was elected to the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, and in 1984 he was awarded the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by France. 3 Jack kerouac called Burroughs the "greatest satirical writer since jonathan Swift 4 a reputation he owes to his "lifelong subversion" 5 of the moral, political, and economic systems of modern American society, articulated in often darkly humorous sardonicism. Ballard considered Burroughs to be "the most important writer to emerge since the second World War while norman mailer declared him "the only American writer who may be conceivably possessed by genius". 4 Burroughs created business visual art throughout his lifetime, but never exhibited it until 1987, after the death of his friend and collaborator Brion Gysin. For the next and last 10 years of his life, he presented his paintings and drawings at museums and galleries worldwide. Burroughs had one child, william.
his life, while working a variety of jobs. In 1943, while living in New York city, he befriended. Allen Ginsberg and, jack kerouac, and out of their mutual influence grew the foundation of the beat Generation, which was later a defining influence on the 1960s counterculture. Much of Burroughs' work is semiautobiographical, primarily drawn from his experiences as a heroin addict, as he lived throughout, mexico city, london, paris and. Tangier in, morocco, as well as from his travels in the south American. His work also features frequent mystical, occult or otherwise magical themes a constant preoccupation for Burroughs, both in fiction and in real life. 1 2 Burroughs accidentally killed his second wife, joan Vollmer, in 1951 in Mexico city with a pistol during a drunken " William Tell " game; he was consequently convicted of manslaughter. Burroughs found success with his confessional first novel, junkie (1953 but he is perhaps best known for his third novel naked Lunch (1959 a highly controversial work that was the subject of a court case after it was challenged as being in violation of the.
Burroughs created and exhibited thousands of paintings and other visual art works, gpa including his celebrated 'gunshot paintings'. He was born into a wealthy family. Louis, missouri, grandson of the inventor and founder of the. Burroughs Corporation, william Seward Burroughs i, and nephew of public relations manager. Burroughs began writing essays and journals in early adolescence, but did not begin publicizing his writing until his thirties. He left home in 1932 to attend. Harvard University, studied English, and anthropology as a postgraduate, and later attended medical school in vienna.
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For other people named William Burroughs, see. William Seward Burroughs ii ( /bʌroʊz/ ; February 5, 1914 August 2, 1997) was an American writer and visual artist. Burroughs was a primary figure of the. Beat Generation and a major postmodernist author whose influence is considered to have affected a range dissertation of popular culture as well as literature. Burroughs wrote eighteen novels and novellas, six collections of short stories and four collections of essays. Five books have been published of his interviews and correspondences. He also collaborated on projects and recordings with numerous performers and musicians, and made many appearances in films. He was also briefly known by the pen name, william lee.