Hard work essay in marathi

Importance Of Hard Work Essay in Marathi

neoliberal globalisation remains a highly uneven phenomenon (Chang and Grabel 2004 and some have considered this unevenness as the cause of global inequality, suggesting a more accurate term to be asymmetrical globalisation (McGrew 2008,. The growing inequality seen between the global north and south since the late-1970s the neoliberal era is certainly a well documented trend (Chang and Grabel 2004; Milanovic 2003; Nederveen pieterse 2002). However, it would be mistaken to perceive this inequality as occurring through a simple lack of globalisation, or connection to the global economy, in certain parts of the world. . In Africa, capital has been found to concentrate in small enclaves of mineral extraction with surplus capital then hopping straight back out into a global market dominated by the north, in a process referred to as capital flight. . The political economy of Africa is therefore not marred by abandonment or a lack of connection to the global market; it is in many ways connected due to the vital importance of natural resources. . Instead, it is neoliberal globalisation itself which has actively created zones of exclusion alongside those of high intensity integration (Ferguson 2005). .

neoliberal economic prescriptions are a long way from ensuring development, as revealed by the growth figures of those countries adopting these ideas (Rodrik 2000). . Indeed, reddy and Pogge (2002) have questioned the world Banks poverty statement figures, suggesting that the purchasing Power Parity (PPP) calculation used has underestimated the numbers living in poverty, as it is skewed by cheaper commodities in the services industry, meaning the estimated poverty line has. Related concerns about the world Banks figures (Chen and ravallion 2004; kiely 2005) reveal that current poverty rates are inconclusive at best; there is certainly no strong trend towards reduction. . It is worth noting that Nissanke and Thorbecke (2006) suggest any noticeable decrease in poverty figures is largely accounted for by the development of China, while poverty may well be increasing in other regions such as sub-Saharan Africa, which has witnessed economic contraction during the. In an ironic twist, it appears the world Banks poverty figures may only be supported through the economic growth of a country which has followed a distinctly non-neoliberal set of economic policies, including strong state interference (Arrighi and lu 2010). . This trend can be found elsewhere, with Chang and Grabel (2004) highlighting the interventionist nature of the east Asian developmental states in ensuring their rapid economic growth; a strategy now made extremely difficult if not impossible under wto regulations. . On a conservative judgement of the current evidence, it is not at all apparent that neoliberalism has ensured either growth or poverty reduction. The misleading assumptions of current orthodox development policies are equally evidenced in the conceptual portrayal offered by proponents of how globalisation is currently affecting the world. . These scholars highlight the speed and frequency of global communications and the reality of a truly global market, marked by transnational corporations and the free movement of capital across borders. . However this portrayal, which chimes with assumptions of the inevitable progress through modernisation, proffers a misleading perception of the global economy. . When considering Africa, it is apparent that capital does not flow across the globe contiguously in the way suggested but hops across it, leaving large spaces untouched (Ferguson 2005). .

hard work essay in marathi

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Kings opening proposition therefore provides a pertinent critique to neoliberal perceptions of strange globalisation and progress, yet the perception of hard work discussed is commonly argued to be vindicated in World Bank poverty figures, which supposedly evidence a steady reduction in global poverty. . Whilst the overtly neoliberal prescriptions of structural adjustment have been reassessed by the ifis, the world Bank (2002) maintains that global poverty is gradually being defeated and attributes this success to the economic growth gained from effective integration into a global, neoliberal market. Whilst orthodox policymakers and scholars do admit to the potentially negative impact of globalisation (Basu 2006 particularly during the period immediately following economic adjustment, this is seen as a necessary, short term pain which will give way to growth and progress in poverty reduction. . As such, the assumption that increased trade generally goes hand-in-hand with improvements in the well-being of the poor (Dollar and Kraay 2004,. The inevitability of neoliberal globalisation can be effectively deconstructed, but it is also necessary to consider whether these related ideals of hard work are nevertheless achieving human progress and development. To begin, the vindication of neoliberal ideas in achieving human progress, especially in the reduction of poverty cited by the world Bank, can be easily refuted. In a critique of Dollar and Kraay (2004 rodrik (2000,. 5) charges that many commentators have used inappropriate indicators of trade policy, selected to systematically bias the results in favor of showing asignificant link between trade liberalization and growth. .

hard work essay in marathi

Essay on importance of hard work - get Help From Custom College

Kings hard work simply alludes to the need for countries to liberalise and open-up their economies to the unstoppable tide of globalisation. As Martin (1999) and Wade (2003) have noted, this requires political action both to pressurise other governments into changes and to create regulations for de-regulation so to speak through international agreements. . Thus the process of neoliberal globalisation is clearly politically driven and not inevitable, yet this perception of hard work to get out of the way of globalisation further underlies the neutral and technicised perception of development projects witnessed amongst the ifis. . Ferguson (1990) critiques the way lesotho came to be perceived as both aboriginal and agricultural (1990,. 71) in the development discourse so as to neatly fit into the modernisation assumptions of the development experts in the ifis, enabling them to reduce poverty to a technical problem which required modernisation through neoliberal economic doctrines. . This understanding of hard work thus acts as an anti-politics machine (Ferguson 1990) manipulating the realities of countries in the global south to fit to modernisation assumptions, thereby concurrently acting to reify the perception of human progress being achieved through hard work. . The apoliticisation of neoliberal globalisation is thus ubiquitous amongst its proponents, both in the way they perceive the process occurring and in the hard work deemed necessary to make way for.

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hard work essay in marathi

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In order to explore kings statement it is necessary to critique such perceptions and, in line with his opening proposition, the idea of already globalisation as an inevitable progress can certainly be challenged. Technological progress emanating from the natural sciences, usually emphasised from the early-modern period, is commonly cited as the central driver to the process of globalisation (fukuyama 1992). . Rapid technological progress has shortened communication and travel times and this shrinking of the world has driven the increasingly pervasive expansion of capital, creating a global market which ensures a convergence of incomes and prosperity for all in a global modernity. That such an argument is extremely deterministic is self-evident, as by privileging science and technological innovation as the structural drivers of history, the agency of people as actors in history is undermined. Chang (2004) is correct to point out that technology has acted as a facilitator for globalisation, but the actual use of such technology and the way in which it has impacted upon social, political and economic relations in the contemporary world is largely dependent upon.

The current neoliberal guise of globalisation thus stems from the policies of countries in the global north during the late-1970s and 1980s, both domestically and in the International Financial Institutions (IFIs as reflected in the neoliberal dogmas of the gatt (General Agreements on Tariffs and. neoliberal globalisation is not reflective of an inevitable progress enacted through science and technology, but of political decision making and resultant neoliberal hegemony. . There is a need to bring politics back in (Nederveen pieterse (2002,. 1036) to the way globalisation and development are understood; a point widely supported in the literature (Nissanke and Thorbecke 2006; Ferguson 1990; Wade 2003). It is the aforementioned political choices that underlie neoliberal globalisation, yet they are commonly mistaken as necessary efforts to get out of the way of globalisation. Despite their inevitable progress assumptions, the proponents of neoliberal globalisation do seem to believe that tireless efforts and persistent work are necessary to achieve human progress. .

This essay will assess the claims of neoliberal globalisation in relation to kings statement, arguing that progress is not inevitable and hard work to ensure neoliberal globalisation in the global south has not created progress. As such, kings view of the lack of inevitability of human progress will be affirmed, but his allusion to progress through hard work will be questioned by problematising the nature of hard work in its current neoliberal guise. However, the positive, emancipatory outcome of such a deconstruction posited by post-development/post-colonial scholars will be questioned, with the potential for time itself becoming an ally of social stagnation highlighted, before a brief exploration of the kinds of hard work required in a world of post-isms. To begin, many have mistakenly identified globalisation as indicative of an inevitable progress, bringing the world closer together in mutual interdependence and pulling the global south into modernity. . These perceptions of globalisation, as evidenced by the self-titled radical globalisation theorist Anthony giddens (Giddens 1999 are imbued with enduring assumptions of modernisation theory and link closely to the neoliberal project (Kiely 2005). Modernisation theory dictates that all societies are progressing along the same stages towards an inevitable modernity.

Globalisation appears to evidence this teleology through the extension of the free market, causing the increasing homogenization of all human societies (fukuyama 1992,. Xiv) and increasing levels of prosperity for all; globalisation is thus spreading modernity. . While globalisation is commonly seen as a multi-faceted phenomenon (McGrew 2008 it is the emphasis on economic globalisation through the spread of the free market which reveals the inherent link of much orthodox globalisation theory to neoliberalism. . Equally, ideas of development become synonymous with the modernisation achieved through neoliberal economic policies, portrayed as the only way of achieving human progress. . This general argument underlies much of the current globalisation and development orthodoxy. . While it is unfair to suggest that orthodox scholars and policymakers have uncritically accepted this mantra certainly many would disassociate themselves from an unsophisticated and largely discredited modernisation theory it is nevertheless true that assumptions taken from the core narrative explored above are commonly taken.

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Free" or, order now 96 of orders delivered on time.5 out of 10 average quality score. Free inquiry or, calculate price, to top. Company, resources, plans products, apps. Evaluate the view expressed by martin Luther King Jr that Human progress never rolls in on wheels of inevitability. . It comes through tireless efforts and persistent workWithout this hard work, time itself becomes an ally of the forces of social stagnation. Current neoliberal orthodoxies enforce the idea that globalisation is synonymous with modernisation, development and progress, and that this progress is inevitable. However, they also advocate the idea that hard work is required to achieve progress through encouraging countries to open up properly to globalisation, accepting any shakespeare short term problems for the sake of the inevitable progress that will follow. Current theories of neoliberal globalisation therefore diverge from Martin Luther Kings argument about the inevitability of progress, but acquiesce to some extent with the idea that a gradual hard work is required towards this progress.

hard work essay in marathi

Governments raise enormous amounts of tax on cigarette bengali sales, hundreds of thousands of people work in the cigarette industry directly and millions indirectly. This versus the cost to the economy of smoking related diseases will add an interesting dimension to the argument. Following such steps will help you write a powerful and successful essay. If you still need assistance you can get a custom argumentative essay. Rating ( 90 score) - 1 vote, client testimonials. View more testimonials, order a custom written paper of high quality. Professional Writers only, plagiarism-Free guarantee, it's quick. You just need 2 minutes to order.

for and against this position must be clearly presented. In addition, you must back legal arguments using the legal framework in existence in good detail. Generalizations of the laws and their background will not be strong enough. The essay should not consider only one side of the debate, as this is a major clash between millions of people and governments worldwide. It is emotive, and controversial. One can also add the major economic consequences of smoking and not smoking.

Another point the argumentative essay should explain is whether there is any law that forbids smokers from using cigarettes in public. In such countries, the law explains where smoking zones are located, if any, and the punishment that smokers should face if they break the law by smoking in non-smoking zones. In any argumentative essay, the writer should be able to show the contradicting views of people. For instance, in the argumentative essay on smoking in public places, the writer should explain what the consequences are for not setting up smoking zones. The reason is that some people may argue that smoking in public places has no negative effects that warrant its ban, while others may argue out that smoking in public places is so bad and dangerous that governments should ban it completely in towns. The writer should not present just the legislation, or desired future legislation. This does not get to the root of the argument, it rather illustrates that there is an argument.

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Argumentative essay on Smoking in Public Places m Blog. Argumentative essay on Smoking in Public Places. February 14, 2014, example Essays, smoking has become a major problem, especially, in those areas that as densely populated. Some people are addicted to smoking, and they cannot be isolated from non-smokers. The problem is the conflict that arises between smokers enjoying their cigarettes in areas where non-smokers live. In order to prepare an argumentative essay on smoking in public places, the writer must consider several factors: One of these factors homework is the laws and regulations that govern any country. The writer needs to read extensively relevant materials that explain what the law of the land is regarding smoking. Some countries allow smokers and nonsmokers to mix without any problem, regardless of whether one is smoking in congested areas or not. In such countries, smokers are expected make ethical decisions and think about the effect of their smoke on the people who do not smoke.

hard work essay in marathi
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