Kings opening proposition therefore provides a pertinent critique to neoliberal perceptions of strange globalisation and progress, yet the perception of hard work discussed is commonly argued to be vindicated in World Bank poverty figures, which supposedly evidence a steady reduction in global poverty. . Whilst the overtly neoliberal prescriptions of structural adjustment have been reassessed by the ifis, the world Bank (2002) maintains that global poverty is gradually being defeated and attributes this success to the economic growth gained from effective integration into a global, neoliberal market. Whilst orthodox policymakers and scholars do admit to the potentially negative impact of globalisation (Basu 2006 particularly during the period immediately following economic adjustment, this is seen as a necessary, short term pain which will give way to growth and progress in poverty reduction. . As such, the assumption that increased trade generally goes hand-in-hand with improvements in the well-being of the poor (Dollar and Kraay 2004,. The inevitability of neoliberal globalisation can be effectively deconstructed, but it is also necessary to consider whether these related ideals of hard work are nevertheless achieving human progress and development. To begin, the vindication of neoliberal ideas in achieving human progress, especially in the reduction of poverty cited by the world Bank, can be easily refuted. In a critique of Dollar and Kraay (2004 rodrik (2000,. 5) charges that many commentators have used inappropriate indicators of trade policy, selected to systematically bias the results in favor of showing asignificant link between trade liberalization and growth. .
Kings hard work simply alludes to the need for countries to liberalise and open-up their economies to the unstoppable tide of globalisation. As Martin (1999) and Wade (2003) have noted, this requires political action both to pressurise other governments into changes and to create regulations for de-regulation so to speak through international agreements. . Thus the process of neoliberal globalisation is clearly politically driven and not inevitable, yet this perception of hard work to get out of the way of globalisation further underlies the neutral and technicised perception of development projects witnessed amongst the ifis. . Ferguson (1990) critiques the way lesotho came to be perceived as both aboriginal and agricultural (1990,. 71) in the development discourse so as to neatly fit into the modernisation assumptions of the development experts in the ifis, enabling them to reduce poverty to a technical problem which required modernisation through neoliberal economic doctrines. . This understanding of hard work thus acts as an anti-politics machine (Ferguson 1990) manipulating the realities of countries in the global south to fit to modernisation assumptions, thereby concurrently acting to reify the perception of human progress being achieved through hard work. . The apoliticisation of neoliberal globalisation is thus ubiquitous amongst its proponents, both in the way they perceive the process occurring and in the hard work deemed necessary to make way for.
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In order to explore kings statement it is necessary to critique such perceptions and, in line with his opening proposition, the idea of already globalisation as an inevitable progress can certainly be challenged. Technological progress emanating from the natural sciences, usually emphasised from the early-modern period, is commonly cited as the central driver to the process of globalisation (fukuyama 1992). . Rapid technological progress has shortened communication and travel times and this shrinking of the world has driven the increasingly pervasive expansion of capital, creating a global market which ensures a convergence of incomes and prosperity for all in a global modernity. That such an argument is extremely deterministic is self-evident, as by privileging science and technological innovation as the structural drivers of history, the agency of people as actors in history is undermined. Chang (2004) is correct to point out that technology has acted as a facilitator for globalisation, but the actual use of such technology and the way in which it has impacted upon social, political and economic relations in the contemporary world is largely dependent upon.
The current neoliberal guise of globalisation thus stems from the policies of countries in the global north during the late-1970s and 1980s, both domestically and in the International Financial Institutions (IFIs as reflected in the neoliberal dogmas of the gatt (General Agreements on Tariffs and. neoliberal globalisation is not reflective of an inevitable progress enacted through science and technology, but of political decision making and resultant neoliberal hegemony. . There is a need to bring politics back in (Nederveen pieterse (2002,. 1036) to the way globalisation and development are understood; a point widely supported in the literature (Nissanke and Thorbecke 2006; Ferguson 1990; Wade 2003). It is the aforementioned political choices that underlie neoliberal globalisation, yet they are commonly mistaken as necessary efforts to get out of the way of globalisation. Despite their inevitable progress assumptions, the proponents of neoliberal globalisation do seem to believe that tireless efforts and persistent work are necessary to achieve human progress. .
This essay will assess the claims of neoliberal globalisation in relation to kings statement, arguing that progress is not inevitable and hard work to ensure neoliberal globalisation in the global south has not created progress. As such, kings view of the lack of inevitability of human progress will be affirmed, but his allusion to progress through hard work will be questioned by problematising the nature of hard work in its current neoliberal guise. However, the positive, emancipatory outcome of such a deconstruction posited by post-development/post-colonial scholars will be questioned, with the potential for time itself becoming an ally of social stagnation highlighted, before a brief exploration of the kinds of hard work required in a world of post-isms. To begin, many have mistakenly identified globalisation as indicative of an inevitable progress, bringing the world closer together in mutual interdependence and pulling the global south into modernity. . These perceptions of globalisation, as evidenced by the self-titled radical globalisation theorist Anthony giddens (Giddens 1999 are imbued with enduring assumptions of modernisation theory and link closely to the neoliberal project (Kiely 2005). Modernisation theory dictates that all societies are progressing along the same stages towards an inevitable modernity.
Globalisation appears to evidence this teleology through the extension of the free market, causing the increasing homogenization of all human societies (fukuyama 1992,. Xiv) and increasing levels of prosperity for all; globalisation is thus spreading modernity. . While globalisation is commonly seen as a multi-faceted phenomenon (McGrew 2008 it is the emphasis on economic globalisation through the spread of the free market which reveals the inherent link of much orthodox globalisation theory to neoliberalism. . Equally, ideas of development become synonymous with the modernisation achieved through neoliberal economic policies, portrayed as the only way of achieving human progress. . This general argument underlies much of the current globalisation and development orthodoxy. . While it is unfair to suggest that orthodox scholars and policymakers have uncritically accepted this mantra certainly many would disassociate themselves from an unsophisticated and largely discredited modernisation theory it is nevertheless true that assumptions taken from the core narrative explored above are commonly taken.
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Free" or, order now 96 of orders delivered on time.5 out of 10 average quality score. Free inquiry or, calculate price, to top. Company, resources, plans products, apps. Evaluate the view expressed by martin Luther King Jr that Human progress never rolls in on wheels of inevitability. . It comes through tireless efforts and persistent workWithout this hard work, time itself becomes an ally of the forces of social stagnation. Current neoliberal orthodoxies enforce the idea that globalisation is synonymous with modernisation, development and progress, and that this progress is inevitable. However, they also advocate the idea that hard work is required to achieve progress through encouraging countries to open up properly to globalisation, accepting any shakespeare short term problems for the sake of the inevitable progress that will follow. Current theories of neoliberal globalisation therefore diverge from Martin Luther Kings argument about the inevitability of progress, but acquiesce to some extent with the idea that a gradual hard work is required towards this progress.
Governments raise enormous amounts of tax on cigarette bengali sales, hundreds of thousands of people work in the cigarette industry directly and millions indirectly. This versus the cost to the economy of smoking related diseases will add an interesting dimension to the argument. Following such steps will help you write a powerful and successful essay. If you still need assistance you can get a custom argumentative essay. Rating ( 90 score) - 1 vote, client testimonials. View more testimonials, order a custom written paper of high quality. Professional Writers only, plagiarism-Free guarantee, it's quick. You just need 2 minutes to order.
for and against this position must be clearly presented. In addition, you must back legal arguments using the legal framework in existence in good detail. Generalizations of the laws and their background will not be strong enough. The essay should not consider only one side of the debate, as this is a major clash between millions of people and governments worldwide. It is emotive, and controversial. One can also add the major economic consequences of smoking and not smoking.
Another point the argumentative essay should explain is whether there is any law that forbids smokers from using cigarettes in public. In such countries, the law explains where smoking zones are located, if any, and the punishment that smokers should face if they break the law by smoking in non-smoking zones. In any argumentative essay, the writer should be able to show the contradicting views of people. For instance, in the argumentative essay on smoking in public places, the writer should explain what the consequences are for not setting up smoking zones. The reason is that some people may argue that smoking in public places has no negative effects that warrant its ban, while others may argue out that smoking in public places is so bad and dangerous that governments should ban it completely in towns. The writer should not present just the legislation, or desired future legislation. This does not get to the root of the argument, it rather illustrates that there is an argument.
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Argumentative essay on Smoking in Public Places m Blog. Argumentative essay on Smoking in Public Places. February 14, 2014, example Essays, smoking has become a major problem, especially, in those areas that as densely populated. Some people are addicted to smoking, and they cannot be isolated from non-smokers. The problem is the conflict that arises between smokers enjoying their cigarettes in areas where non-smokers live. In order to prepare an argumentative essay on smoking in public places, the writer must consider several factors: One of these factors homework is the laws and regulations that govern any country. The writer needs to read extensively relevant materials that explain what the law of the land is regarding smoking. Some countries allow smokers and nonsmokers to mix without any problem, regardless of whether one is smoking in congested areas or not. In such countries, smokers are expected make ethical decisions and think about the effect of their smoke on the people who do not smoke.