Essay about world war 1 and 2

World War 2 Bombers

(Songs 1-2) "lieutenant Gitz rice, after being wounded in 1917, became the officer in charge of military entertainment for the canadian Army." (Norman, 1) His compositions conveyed messages related to the soldiers, such as he will Always Remember the little Things you do, written. (Norman, 2) Among Rice's many battle related works was also the wonderful and patriotic song, we beat Them At The marne which directly tries to shout down the pacifists (see the lyrics). Intense pressure was exerted by both the government and society to enlist in the military during this wartime period, therefore recruiting was one of the main themes reflected in music. Non-serving young men were stigmatized as is evidenced by the following statement which composer John. McFadden felt a need to print on his song Liberty : "Being unfit for the fighting Front as my certificate shows…" (Norman, 3) Lyrics in music prompted those not enlisted to contribute money, as seen in the words of composer Walter. Miller "If we cannot do the fighting we can pay." ( he's doing His Bit - are you? ) Canada's sheet music during World War i encouraged and praised volunteering for the military in songs such as Where are the boys Who'll Fight for dear Old England and Our Empire boys.

The canadian weekly of fellowes January 5, 1918, wrote about) Mrs. Florence ballantyne, the daughter of the Speaker of the Ontario legislature and wife of a university professor. As described in The canada weekly, january 5, 1918, she wrote her song The call we must Obey when recruiting lagged, to hearten her sons already overseas. ( An additional recruitment song, you bet your Life we all Will go, was written by The rev. Morrow, the pastor of Dale Church, toronto.) True to this message, the cover of his third composition, memories of Home bears a picture of him in military uniform, described as Chaplain to our Canadian overseas Forces.' " ( Music on the home Front Canadian Sheet. At the onset of World War i, songs were written urging men to join the military, and popular vocalists were hired to perform these songs at public recruiting rallies. A good example of a recruiting song used this way was your King and country want you. Men who did not respond to this song by enlisting at the rally were publicly humiliated as they left by being handed white chicken feathers by children who had been assigned this task. The lyrics of this propaganda song were written as though they expressed the feelings of British women who were stoically urging their sweethearts to military service for protection of their homes and country. This one song, therefore, represents multiple propaganda messages beyond recruiting, such as producing shame in those who don't respond favorably to its patriotic essay message, and convincing the women of the land that they must be willing to sacrifice their men for the protection of home.

essay about world war 1 and 2

Causes Of World War

You can click on the music cover image or here to see and hear the Scorch version (printable) or here for plan the midi version and here for the lyrics. "In 1914, with the beginning of hostilities in Europe, war became a major theme in both professional and amateur musical compositions, and the possibilities for the promotion of propaganda and fund-raising for this new cause were heavily pursued. Songs became overwhelmingly patriotic, heroic, and jingoistic. Predictably many songs, (such as Canadian Forever and The Pride of the world is the British navy were written to glorify the navy, the army, and the new flying corps. The American Legion, which was the canadian 97th Battalion made up of American volunteers eager to serve prior to America's entry into the war, was given a special boost in musical compositions. (Songs, such as give the Grand Old Flag a hand; a british Song lauded the British Empire, great Britain, and Ireland's initial promise to give up its internal struggle for Home rule during the war. Instrumental marches, recruiting songs, flag songs, and songs praising women's efforts on the home front (were abundant in the new repertoire of compositions.

essay about world war 1 and 2

World War 1: Facts and Information - primary facts

Such was the case later in the 20th century when the lyrics of Bob Dylan's music inspired participation in the civil rights movement by emphasizing that no one should "turn his head" and ignore race discrimination. This type of music plays with the will and emotions of the listeners by inspiring them to believe that they have the power to make a difference if they get involved and take action in response to the new values and principles presented in the. Freedom Protest songs during the 1960s also carried this type of message, saying that the people were the solution to a social problem. The emotional impact of these songs was reinforced by unifying the audience through hand clapping and by call evernote and response, a technique where the main vocalist sings a line and the audience repeats. (Hitchcock, 487) Referring to the success and the power of messages relayed by music, Abraham Lincoln gave the following compliment to composer george. Root regarding his composition The battle Cry of Freedom : "you have done more than a hundred generals and a thousand orators." (Hitchcock, 487) In more recent times, even Ronald reagan's praise of the sentiment of Bruce Springsteen's song Born in the. Can be seen as a well-remembered attempt at musical nationalism. (Turino, 175) These are clear examples of governmental officials commending composers on the spectacular impact which the messages in their music had on the citizens, exhibiting the power of music to deliver propaganda. Root's Battle cry Of Freedom is one of the greatest songs to emerge from the American civil War.

Images in the lyrics presented the contrast of an inferior Japan with a civilized and progressive united States. Music composers and publishers, challenged to produce an enemy, used lyrics to dehumanize the japanese during wwii. They sang of the struggle of the good (meaning Christian) Americans against an evil enemy, the "heathen" Japanese, referring to the attack at pearl Harbor as a "sin" against both the United States and God. The lyrics in When we set that Rising Sun (1945) proclaimed that Japan was "a land of heathen people" with "no respect for God or man." Using spiritual overtones in this way gave the Americans a reason to believe that the United States had. The issue of race predominated in anti-japanese songs just as it had in those used against Germany. With Japan, however, the focus was on an entire people rather than a segment, such as the nazis, or particular leaders, such as Hitler. Sheet music covers furthered the propaganda images by suggesting a hierarchical relationship that likened Japan to a country full of naughty children who needed to be punished by the United States. Sheet music illustrations depicted tiny japanese soldiers being spanked by a large, faceless hand or over the knee of Uncle sam. (Moon, 333-339) Frequently, propaganda songs are written to appeal to public discontent and urge action in a cause.

World War ii - wikipedia

essay about world war 1 and 2

8th Grade dbq 2 World War ii - east Irondequoit Central

(Dunn, 27 in the 1930s and 1940s, the arts held a prominent place in the ideology and propaganda of National Socialism. In 1933, shortly after Hitler became chancellor, Schott published the, badonviller Marsch, hitler's "official entrance music" (similar in meaning to the American President's hail to the Chief ) and put together a group of "hearth and home" songs with the title streamwriter german essay Homeland. In 1934, hermann Blume's Adolf Hitler Fanfare was published in a collection of marches. (Kowalke, 4-5) During the summer of 1942, hitler suggested that propaganda broadcasts aimed at Britain and America should contain musical styles that appealed to those audiences, resulting in the use of popular music to deliver messages to other cultures. (Morton,.3) For instance, after the first regularly-worded verse of a song, a voice came on saying: "Here. Churchill's latest song." The melody was the familiar tune of The Sheik of Araby, a song enjoyed during the wartime by both British and American listeners, but the words that followed were different: "I'm afraid of Germany, her planes are beating. At night, when I should sleep, into the Anderson I must creep.

Although I'm England's leading man, i'm led to the cellar by ten. A leader in the cellar each night, that's the only damned way i can fight." Using these altered lyrics, german government employees attempted to broadcast propaganda messages to their enemies using the language and musical style of those enemies. (Morton, 2) In 1944, a collection of fourteen songs published in Germany displayed a prominent dedication to Adolph Hitler and contained songs entitled Praise to the fuhrer and One fuhrer, people, and reich. (Kowalke, 15-16) During World War ii, popular music served as American government propaganda by helping to support preexisting cultural assumptions about the japanese. Government officials understood the power of music and used it to mobilize the American people in support of the war against Japan.

Since the music performed at these events served to propagate the feelings of the organizers, observers were effectively exposed to musical presentations with directed messages, hence propaganda. (Turino, 185 people of every nationality are moved to speech or to song by that which permeates the thoughts or appeals to the emotions in times of political excitement. This was brought to light vividly in the following" just prior to world War I: "love of country, together with a pride in its institutions…smolders in the breast of all mankind. This latent spark when fanned into a blaze of fervor finds vent in … song, which in turn inspires to action. No country, as history proves, can afford to ignore the patriotic force capable of being brought into play through the power of music, either in song or in instrumental form, both of which performed their part in inciting to action." (Hubbard, 101 anti-government sentiments have. Later in the 20th century, because of the proliferation of radio, the influence of music as propaganda was taken to even greater heights by nationalistic dictators, In Brazil between 19, under President Getulio vargas, a more overt method of musical propaganda was used by Brazil's.

(Williams, 86; Dunn, 87). One such result is as follows: "Brazil, oh dear land, envied by the new World. Getulio vargas appeared, the great Brazilian leader, who among your children, as a hero, was the first (we) still keep in our memory." (Turino,188 the dip encouraged composers to use popular songs to uplift people from their "marginalized or low-life culture (malandragem) and to set. Brazil and other Latin American countries also sponsored folkloric festivals with performance contests to encourage the development of music with nationalistic sentiments. (Turino, 189-192 popular music served as a medium for delivering messages to the citizens in these countries. Using the benefit of an easily recognized popular music style, the samba beat was used in a piece touting the benefits of marriage, work, and children. The closing line of the song is" "And if you are a father of four children. The president offers a prize. It is a good deal to get married." (Turino, 188 this popular music style was a good medium for propaganda because it was already familiar to most citizens and had an appeal across all class levels.

William Heller's World War ii memoirs-3rd Infantry

Scorch version (printable) or here for the midi version and here for the lyrics. Some of the most obvious types of musical propaganda are found in patriotic songs, national anthems, and military music. The social necessity of having a national anthem began with England in the mid-1700s, followed by Spain add and France later in the century. In 1845, the bolivian president commissioned a composer to create a national anthem, which premiered that year at a state celebration commemorating a battle that led to the first well-defined boundary between Bolivia and Peru. The anthem was proudly performed by a military band in front of the governmental palace. On that same evening, in order to effectively reach the citizens with this message of musical nationalism, the anthem was performed in the municipal theater where it was sung by a five-part choral arrangement accompanied by an orchestra. These carefully orchestrated events served the government's purpose by proclaiming the sense of nationalism espoused in the anthem. (Turino, 175-179 contests and folklore festivals were another common activity in nationalist programs, offering incentives such as money and prizes to contestants whose performances were shaped by their perceptions of what the judges wanted.


essay about world war 1 and 2

People of laws every nationality are moved to speech or to song by that which permeates the thoughts or appeals to the emotions in times of political excitement. Love of country, together with a pride in its institutions, be the latter of a primitive or more cultured form, smolders in the breast of all mankind. This latent spark when fanned into a blaze of fervor finds vent in speech and in song, which in turn inspires to action. Such is the birth of patriotic music. No country, as history proves, can afford to ignore the patriotic force capable of being brought into play through the power of music, either in song or in instrumental form, both of which performed their part in inciting to action. It is said that some songs written by Charles Dibdin had so potent an influence in war, that, in 1803, the British government engaged him to write a series of them 'to keep alive the national feelings against the French and his biographer relates the. Soldier's Adieu written sometime around 1797. Though written for Britain, as with many English songs, it was brought across the sea and adopted by America, possibly the very foe that Dibdin was speaking of in the lyrics of this great early work. You can click on the music image or here to see and hear the.

surface. By promoting ideas and, often, inviting the listener to sing along in groups as a shared experience, music helps achieve the goals of the propagandist. Besides the instantaneous generation of emotions, the most effective propaganda songs have qualities that make them memorable while relaying their messages in a fashion that is not too emotionally extreme to be accepted. Music permeates the spirit in ways that written words alone cannot. It is readily retained in memory; therefore people who seldom engage in reading can be reached by music. This is especially evident in advertising and political campaigns when listeners go through their daily routines humming and singing catchy melodies that incorporate the praises of products and candidates. Songs published with the direct intent of improving morale, gaining support, collecting money, or encouraging recruiting are, therefore, propaganda. Propaganda is not always lies or distortion - even truths and facts can be considered propaganda if they are used for the purpose of promoting a cause. The value of music as propaganda, particularly for patriotic causes, is described well in the following": "America's war songs and sea songs have played their part as incentives to patriotism, to enlistment in the ranks, to valor in the field and on the sea.

Much of the music distributed during World War I greatly influenced social and political attitudes, thereby serving as an effective propaganda tool for private citizens and governments. Propaganda is defined as "doctrines, ideas, arguments, facts, or allegations spread by deliberate effort through any medium of communication in order to further one's cause or to damage an opposing cause" and as "a public action or display having the purpose or effect of furthering. 2 3 oxford's American Dictionary defines propaganda as "publicity intended to spread ideas or information that will persuade or convince people." (Ehrlich, 718 effective propaganda, therefore, relies its ability to be transmitted to large numbers of recipients in order to achieve its goal of attitude. The idea it contains must be received in such a way that the recipient feels as though his response to it is based entirely on his own thinking. Based on these definitions, music is a highly effective propaganda vehicle. The widespread use and familiarity of popular songs enables them to function effectively as mediums for messages, and the context and conditions, such as the emotional climate during wartime, can be used for further enhancement. Music is adaptable, so the melodies, beats, and dynamics can be adjusted to reflect its message and enhance its impact on the listener. For example, politicians use musical fanfare at public rallies to build the momentum of the crowd and generate an emotional response in support of their causes, as is seen in political campaign songs and the protest songs of the 1960s and 1970s.

World War 2: Air Battles: The famous Air Combats that

A special ParlorSongs guest essay. Throughout World War i, music was a prominent feature on the home fronts and pdf the battlefields. Most homes had a piano, and at least one member of each family knew how to play it, providing a common form of entertainment and socialization. Popular music, therefore, saturated the citizenry and reached into all of its corners, forming a great medium for conveying messages. Recognizing this capability, governments often used it as an effective means for inspiring fervor, pride, patriotism, and action in the citizens in order to gain manpower, homeland support, and funds. Composers and publishers readily cooperated and adopted these new musical motifs with which to earn money from a large population rallied by war and eager to respond to the sentiments by purchasing the pro-war music. Besides these incentives, composers and publishers often wrote music to promote their personal wartime sentiments. Dramatic graphics and additional messages printed on sheet music provided extra inspiration to the messages expressed by the lyrics and melodies, markedly increasing their capabilities as propaganda vehicles. Music during World War I was often used to inspire passion and voluntary compliance in the listeners and, occasionally, shame in those who didn't support the war.

essay about world war 1 and 2
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